Africa, the second largest continent with respect to land area, is another haven for travelers looking for different adventures and experiences. Its diversity is evident in the wide array of cultures, religions, languages used and in the beautiful landscapes that can be found within this massive piece of land. The vast continent, not only blessed with amazing wildlife, is also home to various spectacular coastal locations. Being bordered by different bodies of water such as the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the Southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Africa is consequently abundant with beautiful beaches. Its natural wonders are endless. Some of these you might want to write down for future references such as the longest and deepest rivers in the world, the Nile River in Egypt and Congo River respectively, the tallest free standing mountain in the world with Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, the famous and stunning Victoria Falls of Zimbabwe, two interesting volcanoes with permanent lava lakes (there are only four of them around the world), Mount Nyiragongo in Goma, DRC, and Erta Ale in Ethiopia, and many more.
South Africa is home to Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, the oldest and finest nature reserve in Africa. Known for its unequaled variety of wildlife, this park in Kwazulu-Natal is home to numerous species including the big five game animals which includes the African Lion, African Leopard, Cape Buffalo, African Elephant and rhinoceros. The park hosts various tours and wildlife-spotting activities. Lying in the southern part of the Kalahari Desert is Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park where meerkats, cheetahs and other wild desert-dwelling animals are prowling freely. Kruger National Park is another reserve in South Africa that allows visitors to see amazing animals and offers different amenities to enjoy the experience. Southern Cape Coast, on the other hand, is the perfect spot for whale watching. Whales frequently visit its shores in close proximity, providing exhilarating views and unforgettable experiences to the awed spectators. In Western Cape lies a stretch of lovely beaches, lush forest and stunning mountains. The famous Garden Route also allows a visit to game reserves. Another nature’s gift to this beautiful country is the Drakensberg or The Dragon Mountains. It is the eastern point of the Great Escarpment and a magnificent sight to behold. Climb the mountain for some really astounding views of waterfalls, rock formations and the mesmerizing sky above.
North Africa includes the country of mystique and ancient civilization, Egypt. Their famous pyramids, mummies and hieroglyphs attract millions of curious and mystified tourists that make Egypt one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. Take a walk down history lane by wandering the streets of Alexandria. The city holds some of Egypt’s interesting past within the confines of the many museums and architectural structures in the area. Some of the structures worth visiting are the Roman Amphitheater at the heart of the city, Pompey’s Pillar and the largest Roman cemetery Catacombs of Kom el-Shoqafa in Karmouz, the 15th century Fort Quatbey in the Eastern Harbour and the Montazah Palace and the garden within its perimeter. The most famous landmarks of Egypt can be found in its capital city Cairo. At the base of Giza Plateau lies the iconic Sphinx surrounded by the equally world-famous Pyramids of Giza. Fascinating mosques and churches are abundant in this area too. The Mosque of Ali or the Alabaster Mosque, the Aqsunqur or Blue Mosque with its turquoise mosaic and the Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque are some of note-worthy architectural structures you might want to visit. Any trip to Egypt is not complete without stopping at Luxor. It is home to Egypt’s largest temple, the massive Karnak Temple complex. It is a must-visit with its many temples, obelisks and a large collection of Pharaonic paraphernalia. The Valley of the Kings or Biban el-Moluk is one of the best tourist destinations in Luxor. The striking valley is the burial place of many Egyptian pharaohs. Some of the most popular tombs it holds are those of Tutankhamun and Ramses VI.
Morocco is another great tourist destination in the northern part of Africa. Marrakech attracts numbers of visitors with its historical monuments such as the 16th century Islamic school Ali Ben Youssef Medersa with its spectacular interiors, the stunning 19th century building Bahia Palace with its lush gardens, and the largest mosque in the area, Koutoubia Mosque. Don’t forget to take a walk along Jemaa El-Fna, Marrakech’s main square where you can have a glimpse of local life such as snake-charmers, scribes and herbalists. At night, the square transforms into an entertainment venue where acrobats, storytellers, magicians, dancers and gnawa musicians perform their crafts.
Eastern Africa is another haven for wildlife lovers. Kenya, Madagascar and Tanzania hold some of the most alluring and astounding of nature’s wonders.