Liguria is a beautiful coastal region located in Northern Italy. This narrow stretch of land is on the Ligurian Sea, a part of the Mediterranean Sea, and nestled against steep cliffs and rocky mountains. Bordered by Tuscany to the east, Piedmont to the north and France to the west, Liguria is an ideal destination. It is most famous among tourists for its amazing beaches, interesting towns and delicious cuisine.
One of the main attractions of the region is its capital Genoa. Known for its remarkable landmarks and its glorious and triumphant history, this port city is named la Superba, which means the Proud One. The view of the lovely port of Genoa with spectacular seaside buildings and brimming with yachts, ferries and cargo ships is a sight to behold. Some of its beauty hides within its historical center with its narrow alleyways called caruggi. Strada Nuova, known today as Via Garibaldi, is the street in this area that is well known for the many old and astounding palaces. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. At the heart of Genoa lies its main square, the Piazza De Ferrari. Most renowned for its magnificent fountain, which is considered one of the symbols of the city, the square is also surrounded by numerous historical buildings. The Doge’s Palace is one of the most historically significant of these buildings. It used to be the home of the Doges of Genoa during the late 1200’s. Today, the palace houses a museum and is a favorite venue for various cultural events and art exhibits. Theater Carlo Felice, the main opera house of Genoa, and the Palace of Raffaele De Ferrari, the Duke of Galliera, are other note-worthy structures to visit. Another icon for the City of Genoa is Lanterna or the Lighthouse of Genoa, which also serves as the principal lighthouse for the city’s port and its vicinity. It is the fifth tallest lighthouse in the world. Next to it is the Museo della Lanterna that features the history of Genoa including its port and their navigational aids.
One of the many tourist attractions of Genoa is the Aquarium of Genoa in the Old Harbor. It is the largest aquarium in Italy and second largest in Europe. Probably one of the most visited sites in Genoa, it welcomes more than a million visitors every year. It was built in commemoration of Christopher Columbus’ 500th year of discovering the new world. He is a celebrated Genoan. Genoa is also renowned for the many walls surrounding the city. It is said that Genoa has longer walls than any other city in Italy. The Walls of Genoa include New Walls or Mura Nuove, Barbarossa Walls, Ninth century Walls, Fourteenth century Walls and Sixteenth century Walls. Another excellent site to stop by is Genoa’s main promenade, the Corso Italia. Overlooking the sea, it is a favorite spot for strolling and sightseeing. This promenade connects Foce and Boccadasse. Some of the popular landmarks here are the Punta Vagno lighthouse, the Fortress of San Guiliano and the picturesque San Guiliano Abbey. The Lido of Albaro, a distinguished beach resort, is another tourist favorite.
The coastline of Liguria is part of the Italian Riviera or Ligurian Riviera. It is divided into two main sections: Riviera di Ponente in the west or the coast of the setting sun and Riviera di Levante in the east or the coast of the rising sun. Sanremo is one of the best known tourist destinations on the western Riviera. Visitors come to enjoy its many resorts and also to witness the annual Sanremo Music Festival. The song contest is being held every January at the Ariston Theater. This event is extremely popular among Italians. The eastern Riviera, on the other hand, is home to the famous Cinque Terre, which literally means the Five Lands. This UNESCO site is composed of five small coastal villages namely Riomaggiore, Corniglia, Manarola, Monterosso and Vernazza. These towns are rich in stunning landscapes and seascapes, perfect getaways for a quiet and serene vacation. Their natural beauty is endless. The Gulf of La Spezia, coined the Gulf of the Poets, is another paradise to wander with its many small and beautiful villages such as Brugnato, Varese Ligure and Montemarcello.